If I intervene with horrified shrieking when Leon plays with dirt and hoicks things up now, he is less likely to be positive about the garden later on, at an age when he can learn the difference between 'weed' and 'not-weed'. It is therefore worth sitting on my hands as dirt and plants go everywhere. (The volunteer broccoli raab from the satsuma tree pot may survive; the rocket certainly won't but there is plenty of rocket.)
A corollary: any potentially vulnerable plants that I really seriously care about are going to need some form of defence. I'm thinking in particular of my carefully-nursed autumn olive seedling, the sole survivor from a handful of seeds I stratified last winter and planted out in the spring, currently overwintering on the windowsill.
It was a lovely afternoon to be out in the garden, though. I planted peas by the fence, and Leon ate moss and dirt and threw soil around by the handful. Happy times.
My rough plan for the year! It would be better with a sketch, & I may try to add one (I have one in my notebook). Now I need to transfer it all to the calendar.
Planting by bed
NW bed: carrot/beet/turnip (1), early peas (already in)
NE bed: beans (already in), early lettuce, courgettes (grow in as lettuce is harvested)
SE bed: broad beans (already in), late peas, carrot/beet/turnip (2)
SW bed: early peas (already in), chard & pak choi (already in), carrot/beet/turnip (3), chard & greens
Right along east fence: tomatoes (in pots or along back of beds)
Patio: herbs -- to plan separately.
Far south: shallow boxes/pots, to plan separately.
Gaps: flowers (nasturtium, marigold), rocket.
Planting by month
Broccoli raab [catch crop wherever there's space]
Climbing peas [W fence by rosemary]
Chilli pepper [windowsill]
Rocket [all over wherever space]
Lettuce (mixed & oakleaf) [NE]
Sorrel (perennial!) (late April) [W bed by rosemary]
Rocket [catch crop, scatter]
Round snow peas (early April) [SE]
Tomato -- plant out [along E fence]
Lettuce (mixed & oakleaf) [NE]
Climbing pea [W fence]
Courgettes -- plant out (late May)
French bean [at the bottom of the garden?]
June & July:
Lettuce (mixed & oakleaf)
Plan other winter veg!
Tomatoes. I would like to start them as early as possible, but then they outgrow the windowsill too early. This might be the year to have another think about some form of mini-greenhouse or other cold protection for them and the courgettes. I could then use it for the chilli pepper later in the season.
French beans growing up a tower at the bottom of the garden.... this is an idea with promise. Possibly alongside the baby currant bush I'd like to plant, to use the space this year while the bush is getting established.
Kale or brussels were on the 'potential' list. On the one hand, they're a good winter crop. On the other hand, brassicas are a sod to grow and they take up lots of space all year and (especially with the brussels) don't crop until December/January. I think probably not, this year, unless I see a space somewhere.
Things that still need to be considered:
Herb patio replanning
Planting around the rosemary/fence
A bean tower at the south end (need to take paving slab up).
At the weekend I hoicked out the tomatoes (getting a fair crop of green tomatoes in the process), courgettes, gone-to-seed lettuce, and a bundle of unexpected carrots, to clear some space before winter.
I also dug over the compost and found huge bundles of happy worms and woodlice doing their thing in there. (I should really have taken a photo, shouldn't I?) I felt a bit bad upsetting them all in order to extract some of the lovely dark compost-y compost from the bottom of the pile. There was enough to spread over a single bed; hopefully by the spring there'll be another bed's worth as well. There's something very satisfying about compost; all that waste turned into lovely rich stuff to help your plants grow. It just looks productive.
Winter lettuce is doing nicely and needs thinning soon; chard also doing well; pak choi suffering from slug/snail depradations.
I also planted one whole bed and an extra row of broad beans, and two rows of snow peas. By getting the beans in now, they have a chance to get going in the spring before the ants and the aphids move in. Which also means that after the first crop in the spring, I may as well hoick them out again as by then the ants and aphids have overrun the plants. That, in turn, means I can plant nearly as many as I like since by the time I want to put other things in, they'll be out. Succession sowing is also very satisfying!
Despite the erratic weather, things in the garden are moving on happily. A quick list (no photos this time, may try to add some tomorrow):
Apples on the apple tree! Research suggests that as this is a 3-yr-old tree, I should thin the apples a little but don't need to remove them all. So am hoping for at least one apple from the tree this year.
Tomatoes now planted out. Two in a polystyrene tub, two in the back of one of the raised beds, three in self-watering containers, and I will see which do best. My bet is on the SWCs. They're all up against a west-facing fence so should get plenty of sun.
The broad beans have all come out now. A middling harvest; the ones in the raised beds did fine (although hard to get at the ones at the back for harvesting), but the ones in the polystyrene tubs did quite badly. I think they really need more space for their roots.
Peas are growing away merrily and have just started to flower.
Turnips also doing very well; thinned out last week and nibbled on a few of the thinnings raw.
Rocket heading rapidly to seed, so very very peppery.
Lettuces doing great and I really must eat more of them for my lunches!
Nearly none of the beets or chard have come up. I am wondering if the seeds were past it? Will get new seeds to plant for chard to overwinter, anyway.
Courgettes flowering but not yet any female flowers, only male ones. That quite often happens initially, so I'm happy to contain myself in patience.
I have a spare half-bed that I'm not sure what to do with; and a squash in a small pot that badly needs to go down to the allotment as there's no room for it to do well in the garden.
Permaculture isn't only about the practical; or rather, "practical" covers more than you might think. Permaculture is all about sustainability, and that includes creating environments which are sustainable for humans in respect to all their needs.
A garden needn't just be about food to be practical, sustaining, and sustainable; it can also be about beauty, or fun, or rest. Of course, food plants can also be beautiful (rainbow chard is one excellent example; or the little blue flowers that appeared on my rosemary bush in early spring). But the beauty in non-edible plants means that they're also a worthwhile addition to the garden, simply for the joy of looking at them. And a garden you want to spend time in is invariably a more productive garden.
Which is to say that I have a bunch of flowers in our garden now, along the western fence by the rosemary and the raspberries. The first to go in, last autumn, were winter pansies. Pansies are my favourite flower, and their January blooms cheered me up no end. More recently I put in some forget-me-nots, which are very practical flowers in that they are self-seeding, but easy to pull out, so low maintenance in both directions. As mentioned in the peas and beans post, there are also now a few pots of sweet peas to make the patio smell lovely when they flower. And finally, a few evening primroses in with the pansies, because my Mum had some spares and it would have been a shame to waste them. (Actually, all the flowers were spares from my Mum. Thank you!).
Pansies and raspberries (and some purple wild flowers that I don't know the name of) earlier in the spring
I planted most of my broad beans last November/December, in two of the raised beds. One lot were planted in the polyculture winter veg bed, and the second lot in the bed next to it as a block on their own. Both sets, particularly the larger block, are doing very well now, and the flowers are starting to turn into small beans. A few more beans, planted at the same time in a polystyrene box, are a bit less vigorous — perhaps because their roots are more shallow? I've also planted a second batch in early March in another polystyrene box and those have just begun to emerge. With luck I'll get a second later crop from them.
The broad bean jungle
In further legume news, I planted some snow peas at the back of the broad bean block, thinking that they could use the beans as a support to grow up and around. However, the beans are so jungly that I can't see much of the peas, so that may not have been such a smart move. On the other hand, I may find lots of happy peas when I finally get to them. I'll venture into the bean jungle to investigate when I start harvesting beans.
Hopefully the spring pea plantings, in two more polystyrene boxes (one by the west fence, one south of the raised beds), will be more straightforwardly successful. So far they're looking good, and I'll soon need to find some sticks and/or string for them to grow up.
Finally, I have some sweet pea seedlings from my mum in pots on the patio, which may not be food-productive, but will hopefully make it even nicer to sit there once they get going (and if we ever see the sun again...).
Also on my March planting list were green salad leaves. All of my preferred green salad leaves are cut-and-come-again types; from a permaculture perspective, that's a more productive use of the soil as you can keep harvesting throughout the season rather than only getting a once-off harvest then returning to bare earth and having to replant. So I planted sorrel, endive, and rocket, to replace the rocket that's been growing in the winter veg bed all winter and which will bolt soon.
I was also very pleased to discover a couple of bronze arrowhead seedlings (presumably self-seeded? I'm not sure!) springing up in the pot of my satsuma tree. Bronze arrowhead is one of my favourite lettuces, but I discovered too late that I was out of seed this year. I've transplanted the seedlings into the salad veg bed, as they and the satsuma want rather different water conditions, and they're doing well.
Nothing is growing terribly fast yet, but as of a couple of weeks ago, this was the March-planted corner of my salad veg bed:
You can just about see the seedlings — sorrel and endive in the centre, rocket around the edges — between the cherry blossom fallen from next door's tree; and the bigger and healthy-looking bronze arrowhead lettuces.
Last week, I planted the April batch of greenery in the next corner of the bed: a different type of oak leaf lettuce, and a batch of Mystery Mixed Lettuces from the Real Seed Company. I'll be interested to see what I get from those!
It's spring, so I've been doing a lot of planting in the garden. For once I actually have a month by month list, entered into my diary on a weekly basis, as the only way I'll get things done on time while also wrangling a newborn. I feel alarmingly organised.
Last month was tomato-planting time, so I now have 5 pots of seeds sprouting away on the kitchen windowsill.
Two pots were from packet seeds (Lettuce Leaf, a bush type from the Real Seed Company, though it looks like they no longer stock them, and Peacevine Cherry, from a heirloom packet I got free) which I've liked in the past. All the seeds planted of both have germinated and are doing fine. The other 3 were seeds saved from last year's plants; but only one of them has germinated, which I found a little disappointing.
It turns out that the problem is probably down to a cackhanded effort on my part to increase germination rates. If you're saving your own seed, you can put the seeds in a jamjar with some water for 3 days, you can improve their germination speed. It turns out, however, that that is a strict 3 days - no more, no less. Five months in the jar? Not so good. Ah well; I have 9 baby tomato plants which is plenty, and will have to try seedsaving again this year. In fact last year's plants started out at my old house and finished off at this one, so they might not have been the best-adapted to the new location anyway.
In other signs of spring: the apple tree has started to produce green shoots, after a couple of months of looking a lot like a stick.
That was taken a couple of weeks ago; there are more shoots now, all looking pleasingly healthy.